EHS/Talks Inaugural Presentations
Those who attended the EHS/Talks learned more about the Strong Survivors cancer rehabilitation program, earthquake hazards and education, how baseball players recognize certain pitches and the importance of second chances, were among other topics.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) and Pulse Oximetry (PO) Levels
Abstract: Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is a progressive and degenerative lung disease that makes it difficult for one to breath. People with COPD have low oxygenation levels so it is critically important to continually monitor these levels. Pulse Oximetry (PO) is an ideal, practical and effective way to measure oxygenation levels in those with COPD—it noninvasive, safe, painless and affordable.
Research and Service in Cancer Rehabilitation
Abstract: My topic/passion is the Strong Survivors program and my involvement in cancer rehabilitation research. Strong Survivors is a free program that uses exercise as a therapeutic tool to help cancer survivors and caregivers get through their treatment and recovery process. Cancer touches us all. We all know someone who has experienced cancer. While oncologists are fantastic at treating the disease, they often lack the time and/or resources to adequately treat the person. Programs like Strong Survivors help fill the gap in side-effects management from both a physical and psychological perspective. Community members can become further involved from a financial perspective by donating funds toward the Strong Survivors effort, but more than that, they can help by increasing public awareness of the services that Strong Survivors provides. http://strong-survivors.siu.edu/
A Fish Named Seahorse: Tales from the Center for Autism Spectrum Disorder
Math: It is a Pretty Thing!
Abstract: Math is not just numbers and formulas. At its core, math is a beautiful form of art, full of sense-making and beautiful patterns. Using everyday resources, digital models, and 3D designs, the speaker invites all community members to work with young children and enjoy the art of mathematical thinking.
Bridging Expertise: Collaborating to Support the Transitions of At-Promise Youth
Abstract:This presentation serves to encourage the collaboration of the university, school, and community to promote the healthy transitions of at-promise youth. Supporting the healthy development and transitions of at-promise youth is important for humanity. The current functioning and future outcomes of at-promise youth is a personal and societal concern because it interacts with the lives of everyone on various levels. At-promise youth influence the community, schools, businesses, organizations, the economy, and society’s civilization.
The Social Determinants of Health: Why “Place Matters”
Abstract:I will first explain how the field of public health is shifting in an exciting way, namely that we are focusing on more than just individual behavior, broadening our perspective to include the various components of society that might have either a positive or negative effect on population health (i.e., the “social determinants of health”). Following that brief introduction, I will discuss my recent and ongoing collaborative research which has preliminarily found that states with greater segregation tend to show higher levels of “black-on-black” crime, though states with greater community policing efforts show lower levels of “black-on-black” crime. I will provide some specific examples of factors by which the level of community policing was assessed. Finally, I will conclude by reiterating that “health” needs not be solely a health department or hospital function. Various pieces of the local social fabric can either facilitate or inhibit good health, and it is our job to work together as a community to help construct an equitable society so that everybody has equal opportunity to live a happy, healthy life.
Testing and Training of Baseball Pitch Recognition
Abstract: I propose a brief talk about my research on testing and training Baseball Pitch Recognition: Ted Williams called hitting a baseball the "hardest thing in sports." Indeed, a 90 mile-per-hour fastball takes 400 milliseconds, less than one-half second, to reach home plate. Batters require at least 150 milliseconds to execute their bat swing, leaving 250 milliseconds -- literally the blink of the eye -- for batters to determine if they will swing and where to direct their swing. It should not be possible, and yet the best hitters accomplish this feat routinely while appearing to have "all the time in the world." How can they do that? The only way is to pick up advance cues from the pitcher's windup, the release of the pitch (such as "skinny wrist" for curveball) and the first 20 feet of ball flight. That's pitch recognition: What is the pitch? How will it move? Will it be a strike? In the blink of an eye. The laboratory method that sports scientists use to measure this incredible perceptual skill is called video-occlusion. Video clips showing a batter's view of a pitcher are cut off (occluded) at various points -- sometimes showing one-third of ball flight, sometimes half of that, and sometimes cut off right as the ball leaves the pitchers hand. Batters need to guess the type of pitch (fastball, curveball, or changeup) and whether it will be a ball or a strike. With an Australian colleague, I have tested hundreds of professional and college hitters with a video occlusion test. And I developed a computer-based video-occlusion software program to train pitch recognition using the same, simple video-occlusion method. Beyond baseball, the video-occlusion approach has implications for training other skills that involve extremely fast visual decision-making and skill execution. Such as Use of Deadly Force. The method offers a way to train law enforcement officers who may only need to make this decision a couple of times in a career -- but need to get it right. I am proud that this research aligns with the essence of SIU as "frugal innovation." It's not the latest, greatest technology (that's Virtual Reality) but it is used in a new way and at a new level. It's not more sophisticated or expensive; it's smarter.
Instruction Earthquake Education Mitigation
Abstract: The central United States has experienced catastrophic and historically significant earthquakes in the last two-hundred years and the Midwest still shakes with regularity. Although the area has not experienced a large earthquake since 1895, most experts agree that the region is at risk for a major earthquake. Small and moderate tremors occur periodically within the region to remind local residents of the potential threat. Studies have shown that local residents quickly disregard the earthquake threat even after experiencing a periodic minor tremor, and some, especially young people and individuals new to the area, such as college students at Southern Illinois University (SIU) Carbondale, have not witnessed any recent seismic activity. Consequently, these individuals are especially at risk of injury during and after a major earthquake because they are unaware of the potential for a major quake. It is, therefore, important that scientists, educators, leaders and parents in the community collaborate and form partnerships to keep the public aware and prepared for the next major earthquake. University experts have a unique opportunity to help the community obtain knowledge of current research and safety about earthquakes, and to help reduce the risk of injury during and after an earthquake. Dr, Harvey Henson, a geologist and science educator at SIU, along with his team are creating exciting videos and developing informational materials to help mitigate the earthquake threat. Additionally, they are constructing an earthquake educational kiosk that will be installed in Carbondale to show families how to prepare their homes for a potential major quake.
Abstract: My lab provides services to the community in several ways. We work with preschool children one on one, with or without a diagnosis, to teach academic, social, and self-help skills, as well as language. We also provide trainings for teachers on classroom management (i.e., how to handle challenging behavior and include children with special needs), conduct behavioral assessments for children with challenging behaviors, and train parents how to manage challenging behavior as well as provide tips on toilet training and picky eating. The services we provide occur on campus, in preschools, and in homes.
"Preparing for the "BOOM": The Geriatric Workforce Enhancement Program (GWEP)"
Abstract: Repeatedly as multidisciplinary professionals we are concerned about the individual patient we serve – especially as we consider their overall health needs. Inter-professional collaboration across disciplines such as primary care medical practice, physician assistants, social workers and psychologists does not occur naturally, since educational programs are often taught independently of each other. Ironically though, these professional disciplines are required to work collaboratively with each other and expected to function to promote the best health outcomes for patients/consumers. This presentation will illustrate a strategy used within a rural based physician residency program to begin to address the issue of inter-professional collaboration through problem based learning. The objective was to promote communication across disciplines (Medicine, Social Work, Physician Assistant and Psychology) and help each discipline understand the roles played in promoting patient care. An educational seminar was conducted using cases and guide questions focused on professional teams identifying strategies for care. The teams consisted of Medical Residents, a Social Work student, a Psychology student and a Physician Assistant student. The teams were given a series of guide questions and asked to discuss the case, and identify a care plan. Debriefing followed to discuss the outcomes across all teams. Overall, professionals were surprised at what they learned from the other disciplines they were collaborating with. They also learned about community based resources available as well as strategies to promote the well-being of their patients and improve health outcomes. All participants felt that the opportunity to collaborate outside of their disciplines would strengthen their impact when working with patients/consumers. The problem based learning approach coupled with the opportunity to collaborate with other disciplines through inter-professional education (IPE) is a venue to improve overall collaboration across professionals and ultimately improve health outcomes of consumers.
Quantitative Methods in COEHS
Abstract: Employers these days are looking for people who have both disciplinary knowledge and the training to handle data well. However, few professionals in social science fields have time to pursue our PhD degree in Education with a concentration in Quantitative Methods (formerly Educational Measurement and Statistics). We recently created a Graduate Certificate program in Quantitative Methods specifically for professionals in social science disciplines who are looking to increase their quantitative skill. The certificate adds to COEHS graduates’ marketability by signaling that they have engaged in advanced quantitative methods training, pushing them to the front of the line for consideration. Enrollment in the certificate program requires successful completion of a bachelor’s degree, and professionals can apply for the program whether they are currently enrolled at SIU or not. Check out the details on our website. http://ehs.siu.edu/cqmse/graduate/ems/certificate.php>
Abstract: I will focus my lightning talk on the topic “Trauma-focused Teams” and its importance in mental health care. Psychological trauma is an all-pervasive problem in rural Southern Illinois, and we need an interdisciplinary and integrated approach to create trauma-focused teams to begin to address it effectively. Psychological trauma supersedes the defining lines of physical and behavioral health, it affects the mind and the body. Behavioral health crisis is on the rise in rural communities nationwide. Trained service providers are segmented into professional turf-wars and in rural areas lack of provider training and interdisciplinary communication impacts the efficacies of interventions even further. The solution to the problem lies in creating trauma-focused teams. As the chasm between behavioral and medical health is gradually narrowing, new approaches to bringing interdisciplinary professionals such as psychologists, medical doctors, social workers, law enforcement and academics on the table to create new system of care and system of training. In that regard we made some serious progress in the medically underserved communities of Southern Illinois. We have been awarded with federal dollars and our efforts have snowballed into addressing interconnected and multifaceted behavioral health issues involving veterans, children, crisis intervention, and suicidal ideation.
A Second Chance
Abstract: Second chances. Who hasn’t benefited from “a second chance”? To offer a second chance you usually have to have been given one yourself. What’s so great about a second chance? They make the experience of failure into strengths, disadvantage into advantage. They offer advantage to the disadvantaged. a. Persons with physical disabilities b. Persons with learning disabilities c. Persons with mental illness d. Substance use disorders. Second chances build stronger communities
Club 57: Behavioral Treatment for High-Functioning Adolescents and Adults at the Autism Research and Treatment Center
Abstract: As the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders continues to rise, so too does the need for effective interventions for highly verbal adolescents and adults with the disorder. Both depression and anxiety have been shown to co-occur at alarmingly high rates among those individuals with autism with more advanced cognitive abilities. Unemployment and avoidance of social relationships with others are also common. This Ignite session will mark the premier of Club 57, a behavioral treatment program for adolescents and adults with high-functioning autism at SIUC’s Autism Research and Center, set to begin in January, 2017. Club 57 will be conducting research on a therapy model known as Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT), and implementing a number of other behavioral interventions to enhance social, emotional, and psychological flexibility in teens and adults with autism.
Early gross motor and gaze behavior in infants at risk for autism: Potential for early diagnosis
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to show that oculomotor deficits play a causal role in postural hyporeactivity to dynamic visual stimulus in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Postural hyporeactivity to dynamic visual input has been widely reported in children with ASD. Oculomotor deficits in ASD might have implications for impairments in developing motor skills that ultimately result in social communication disorders. Very little is known about that underlying oculomotor abnormalities that might cause visual inattentiveness resulting in weak postural response. Ocular proprioception provides ego-centric information about the body with respect to the environment. Deficits in oculomotor control could disrupt performance of locomotor tasks that are triggered by gaze redirection such as steering. Rotation of visual world results in redirection of eyes and head and subsequent redirection of trunk and pelvis in healthy individuals. It is possible to confirm that oculomotor deficits might play a contributing role in postural hyporeactivity to dynamic visual stimuli in children with ASD by using this experimental paradigm. Therefore the objective of the current study is to determine whether visually presented rotation of the external environment would evoke whole body turning response lead by gaze redirection in children with ASD. Since children with Autism have oculomotor deficits we would expect little to no turning response when presented with a virtual turn unlike typically developing children who are expected to demonstrate a coordinated gaze and whole-body turning response.